Why is a united regulatory response to climate risk, such as that offered by JC3 and The Value-based Intermediation Financing and Investment Impact Assessment Framework (VBIAF), so important for the financial services industry as a whole? How do we evaluate initiatives designed to encourage investment and resource allocation into sustainable economic activity? How do we address the implications of various taxonomies, frameworks and standards, and identify what can now be labelled sustainable investments? Should taxonomies recognise and reflect market-specific regulations, and are we presenting a clear, consistent message? What industry-led measures would address and mitigate current challenges, such as greenwashing and inconsistent reporting standards? How can potential sustainability bond and Sukuk issuers successfully connect issuances to internal sustainability frameworks? Are there avenues to further capitalise on the synergies between sustainable finance and Islamic finance?